NOVI PAZAR IN THE OTTOMAN WORLD (XV-XVIII cent.)
Assist. Prof. Dr. Recep SKRIJEL
Novi Pazar State Univeristy (Sandžak, Serbia) Department of Art personnel
(Writer and researcher of Ottoman history)
Novi Pazar is one of the most famous cities in Western Rumelia. Its founder was Isa Bey, the nephew of the celebrated PašaYigitBey, the son of renowned generals of Sultan Murat II IshakBey. Novi Pazar (Bos. Novi Pazar, Turk-Per. YeniBâzâr, Arabic: YeniSûk) located at the mouth of the riversRaška and Yošanica, 11 kilometers away from StariPazar (Bos. StaroTrgovište) on the foundations of a late Illyrian settlement Ras, known as Rascia in the IX. century, later to become the very center of the medieval Serbian Nemanjić State, was founded in the XV. century. Trgovište, as the meaning of the toponym suggests, a place always being noted as a real economic-merchant center, began to develop especially in the early years of Ottoman rule (1391-1455). As time was passing, by virtue of the merchant Dubrovnik city-state mediation it began to take characteristics of a geopolitical center provoking the business world of those times resulting in the opening of a Dubrovnik Consulate inside the city which helped it to grow up into an important link city of the XV. century. The Conquer of Bosnia (1463) and the expansion of Ottoman borders to the West, made Novi Pazar the largest city in the Sanjak of Bosnia. These historical developments in the late XV. century promoted Novi Pazar into a city connecting the East with the West.
The lack of historical sources exacerbates the exploration and observation of the economic development of the city. Real economic sources (economy of agriculture and manufacture, mining and the mineral wealth, trade etc.) about which we succeeded in gathering information, are telling us that Novi Pazarin the XVI. centurywas the largest city in the BosnaPashalik after Sarajevo.
Novi Pazar succeeded in enriching the Ottoman literature with a dozen of famous authors. Among them there are the names of celebrated Divan literature writers and poets like AršiČaki Mehmed, Ahmed Vali, Nimeti, Hušui, Derviš, AhmedGurbi Baba etc. The artwork they have created has built an everlasting relationship between Bosniak and Turkish literature.
Key words:Novi Pazar, Ottomans, Bosniaks, Divan Literature, A. Vali, Numeti, Huşui, Western Rumelia, Dervishes
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